Nov 6, 2017

Posted by in BUDDHISM IN OTHER LANGUAGES | 18 Comments

Buddhism Q&A – Part 7: PRECEPTS (Giới luật)

Buddhism Q&A – Part 7

PRECEPTS 

01/ Many people feel worried that they cannot keep / observe the percepts, so they only want to take refuge in Triratna without getting the percepts even five precepts to liberation. Is their worry right?

– No.  The people who have no precepts to break called the heterodox (just like a person who has no money but still spending, eventually suffering misery from getting into debts).  The people who have precepts to break called Buddhist Practitioners (Just like a person who has money to spend)

– Keeping/Observing precepts is for the benefit of sentient beings that results to merit accumulation. In case of unfortunately breaking precepts, that will only affect a little bit on few of sentient beings. Thus, worry too much about the breaking of precepts is unnecessary.

– Keeping/Observing one precept will have 5 guardians / Dharma protectors follow. If unfortunately breaking one or two precepts, there are still four or three precepts to keep. Thus, worry too much about the breaking of precepts is unnecessary.

– There are 4 categories in precept, including: closing, opening, observing, breaking and 3 aspects, including: (1) The pure precepts which include all rules and observances, or to avoid evil by keeping the discipline (demeanors), (2) The pure precepts which include all wholesome Dharma (virtue); (3) The pure precepts which include all living beings (The power which comes from enlightenment) (See the article “Solution to the spiritual problems of Akshay Kumar and listen to the lesson “What is the true meaning of keeping precepts” on Chanhtuduy.com)

02/ In which case to tell a person has violated the precept of avoid killing beings?

– When the person has intention to do

– Having effort to make the killing action

– Having the killing action completely

– Finish the killing action with joyful feeling

03/ Which mistakes made by the disciplines could be rebuked by the Guru?

– Disrespect

– Do not keep the promise with the Guru

– Being close to evil-knowing advisor (who have opposite view to Buddhist wisdom)

– Having sayings that are opposite to Buddhist wisdom / Having saying that affect badly to other people.

– Being lazy.

04/ What happen If the disciplines make the above mistakes?

– Do not allow to do good things that help to accumulate merit.

– Do not allow to learn good things from the Guru

– Being neglected in a period of time.

– Do not allow to live in the Sangha

– Do not allow to have economic unity in community of goods, deeds, studies or charity.

05/ What is right understanding of “the precepts damaged”?

“The precepts damaged” means that a discipline violates precepts without being penitent, then that precept cannot be rehabilitated. For example, just like a cup which has been cracked, then it becomes defected and could not have same value to be used as beginning purpose.

06/ Keeping / Observing precepts belongs to which category among 3 main points of Enlightenment?

Keeping / Observing precepts is one of many forms of Renunciation

07/ The people who practice Tantrayana, especially in Song Nguyen Tantra House can keep / observe 96 precepts, meanwhile monks who live in pagoda can keep / observe 250 precepts. So do we have enough capacity and morality to teach Dharma to all sentient beings (including monks)?

Although they can keep / observe 250 precepts but these are Bhiksu precepts (only become Arahat). While we only keep / observe 96 precepts but these are Bodhisattvas precepts (can become Buddha) so we have enough capacity and morality of one Bodhisattvas to teach Dharma, follow Bodhisattvas path.  According to the sutra “Upàsaka”, the Buddha confirmed that the Buddhist laymen, who keep / observe Bodhisattvas precepts, is more marvelous than Bhiksu Śrāvaka và Bhiksu Bodhisattvas, and confirmed that the Buddhist laymen , who keep / observe Bodhisattvas precepts and follow Bodhisattvas path, is the master of the realm of Brahma and the realm of Human.

08/ Should we pick up money or gold on the street if we see them?

We should not do this because if doing this means that we would violate the precept of no stealing (in subtle way) which leads to the rise of greedy. Although we see it on the street but it does not belong to us so we should not care (think) about it. We may think that if we do not get the money then other people would do, but that is their own business. And if we see the money on the street but do not take it then the owner may come back and get it back.

09/ Why should we keep percepts?

Because precepts, which invented by the Buddha, could give many benefits to Dharma practitioner:

– Prevent Dharma practitioner from loss of merit

– Precepts can be considered as the shield to protect from army of evils

– Keeping precepts in Saha world during 24 hours will be equal to 100 years in “The Land of Ultimate Bliss”

– Precepts – Samadhi – Wisdom

10/ There is a saying: “If knowing the rules but still violating the rules would lead to severe penalty than when not knowing the rule”. Thus, after taking refuge in Triratna, we might violate the percept then would our penalty harder than when we did not take refuge in Triratna?

No!

– There are no holy ones who have not made mistake in the past

– People who do not practice the Dharma, do not know to perform penance when making mistake, meanwhile Dharma practitioners who know to perform penance could accumulate merit (Performing penance is one of spiritual activities in Buddhism)

– Accumulating two treasures: shame for self and shame for others

– Become the second supreme person: the person who is difficult to meet that the Buddha has recommended.

11/ is the consequence of killing sentient beings severe or serious?

Yes. Guru Pabongka Dechen Niyingpo taught that: “If you kill a small insect without performing penance in the same day, the weight of bad karma would double in the next day, and then double in the third day, then the weight of bad karma would be the same as killing a human being in the 15th day. After weeks, months and years, weight of bad karma from small mistake would multiple by many times, then become the size of huge mountain which is as big as this planet. Until time of death, the bad karma becomes too severe…”

12/ Do we need to perform penance daily?

The mantra “Om Mani Padme Hum” has same benefit as performing penance because the mantra is considered as representative for all other mantras. By doing mantra recitation daily, we also perform penance to reduce the bad karma which we have made in the past, the bad karma we are making in present or the bad karma we may make in future. And when we start to rising up the thought of penance in our mind about the mistake we have made also means that we are penitent.

(Translated by Mat Chanh Tan)

  1. Salvatore Antonio Fois says:
    Venerebol GURU;

    My name is Tantra Siramitra.

    Very profound ended;

    It’s very important to cultivate the Mantra in our mind strim and avoid bad thoughts and try our best to not heart no one but in Dharma practice it is very important to help as much we can with hout descriminetio but with compation.

    OM MANI PADME HUM……

    Faithfully.

    • Mật Diệu Hằng says:
      Kính bạch Thầy!

      Con xin phép dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Siramitra (Salvatore Antonio Fois) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

      “Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

      Con là Tantra Siramitra.

      Phật học vấn đáp – Phần 7: giới luật rất ý nghĩa và sâu sắc ạ.

      Sau khi đọc con hiểu được  tầm quan trọng của việc trì niệm thần chú Mani để tránh những niệm tưởng tiêu cực, tiêu trừ nghiệp chướng; đồng thời, con nhận ra rằng chúng con không nên phân biệt đầu tròn áo vuông hay bạch y cư sĩ , chúng con nên y pháp bất y nhân bởi vì thực hành theo đúng quỹ đạo chánh pháp với bồ đề tâm vì lợi lạc của hữu tình mới là vấn đề cốt lõi của người tu Phật.

      Om Mani Padme Hum.

      Con kính đảnh lễ Thầy” 

  2. Tantra Kasila(Vivek S) says:
    Dear holy Guru

    This is an interesting article.The way it’s presented, that is through questions and answers make this really catchy one.It helped in clarifying doubts regarding various aspects in Buddhism like dharma,karma etc etc

    May the guru live long and all the sentinel beings have the calmness and happiness of Buddha.

    • Kính bạch Thầy!

      Con xin phép dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Kasila sang tiếng Việt như sau:

      “Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

      Phật học vấn đáp – phần 7: giới luật là bài viết ý nghĩa và lợi lạc. Thấy viết bài này dưới dạng hỏi – đáp rõ ràng giúp con dễ dàng hiểu được những điều cốt lõi trong giáo lý Phật đà. Phần này đã giúp giải nghi và luận giảng thực nghĩa những vấn đề liên quan đến đạo pháp, nghiệp quả….

      Con cầu nguyện Thầy trụ thế lâu dài.

      Cầu nguyện tất cả chúng sanh được an lạc và thành tựu hạnh phúc của Phật tánh.”

  3. Tantramikaya ( Jane) says:
    dear holy guru. Thank you for your article and the translation. This article is very informative. For me, the article explains the commandments of Buddhism and the devotion to our guru. We can avoid mistakes by implementing and practicing the wise words of our guru. The commandments help us to walk on the Buddhist path of enlightenment. Do not kill a living creature because every little insect has the right to freedom from suffering. Do not lie and do not steal, do not talk bad about other people. All these are our commandments that we should know and understand. If we follow the commandments daily and live those orders with dedication we will be successful on our way. We determine our karma through our actions and our thoughts. Through our meditation we reach out to our fellow human beings. Good things we do determine our karma. Thank you for your explanations and explanations. A good example of what the money found on the street should not be taken from us. I never thought about it. I have often picked it up and given homeless people. Thank you for this bid. I want to pay attention to it in the future. May our holy Guru life long with good health for the sake of all sentient beings. Om Mani Padme Hum
    • Mật Diệu Hằng says:
      Kính bạch Thầy!

      Con xin phép dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Mikaya (Jane) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

      “Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

      Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã cho con đọc bài này, con cảm ơn đạo hữu đã dịch bài này sang tiếng Anh. Bài này đã giúp con hiểu được nhiều điều. 

      Bài viết này đã luận giảng rõ ràng về giới luật nhà Phật cũng như tầm quan trọng của sự sùng kính Đạo sư. Chúng con nên ghi nhớ và tuân theo lời huấn thị trí tuệ của Thầy ngõ hầu tránh phạm lỗi lầm. Giới luật giúp chúng con bước đi vững vàng trên đạo lộ giải thoát. Như giới cấm sát sanh bởi vì tất cả chúng sanh kể cả con sâu bọ cũng có quyền sống và không bị khổ đau. Chúng con cũng nên hiểu rõ thực nghĩa của giới cấm nói dối hại người, cấm trộm cắp. Nếu hằng hàng chúng con tuân thủ theo giới cấm vì lợi lạc hữu tình thì chúng con sẽ tiến tu trên đạo lộ giải thoát. Chính suy nghĩ và hành động của chúng con tạo ra nghiệp quả. Thông qua việc thực hành pháp, chúng con đến gần với tất cả chúng sanh. Những thiện hạnh của chúng con sẽ tạo ra nghiệp tốt.

      Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã luận giảng rõ ràng. Con đặc biệt ấn tượng với câu giải thích khi nhìn thấy tiền trên đường thì không nên nhặt. Con chưa từng nghĩ đến vấn đề này. Thông thường con cũng hay nhặt tiền và mang cho những người vô gia cư. Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã giải thích rõ cho con hiểu về điều này. Con sẽ ghi nhớ lời Thầy dạy.

      Con cầu nguyện Thầy khỏe mạnh và trường thọ lâu dài vì lợi lạc của tất cả chúng sanh.

      Om Mani Padme Hum.”

  4. Tantra Amishuta says:
    Dear holy Guru,

    I fear that I’m lazy. I try to organize with my mental health issues and get everything done that I need to. I read and reply every day and most days usually more than once for a half hour a day I do mani mantra but I do not meditate every day I seem to forget and I feel that makes me lazy. I try to live good but that is something i struggle with. I need to make a routine that I follow until I’m used to routine follow it on a board or something to get used to it. I do not want to be lazy. I want to be good buddhist. Thank you for your teachings and the time you spend with us each day. May you be blessed and enlightened for my sake, your sake and the sake of all sentient beings.

  5. neerajkumar sumaran says:
    Dear Respected Dhamma Guru,

    Thank you very much for this beautiful explanation of the teachings of the Buddha.

    Saying about this beautiful article, it must said that bringing about the disciplin within one’s mind is the essence of the Buddha’s teaching.

    After having attained enlightenment and after having formulated his way, doubt arose in the mind of the Buddha. Should he go forth and preach his doctrine or should he continue to devote himself to his own personal perfection.

    He said to himself: “True, I have gained a new doctrine. But it is too difficult for the common man to accept it and follow it. It is too subtle even for the wise.

    It is hard for mankind to liberate itself from the entanglement of God and Soul. It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in rites and ceremonies. It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in Karma.

    It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in the immortality of the Soul and accept my doctrine that the soul as an independent entity does not exist and does not survive after death.

    Mankind is intent on its selfishness and takes delight and pleasure in it. It is hard for mankind to accept my doctrine of righteousness overriding selfishness.

    If I were to teach my doctrine, and others did not understand it or understanding it did not accept or accepting it did not follow it, it would be weariness to others and a vexation to me.

    We must seek truth in the wisdom of the words handed over to us & realize that.

    PRECEPTS

    The Buddha teaches us, give us five beautiful Gifts, five precepts, the path of Purity.

    “The path of Purity”,  teaches that a person who wishes to be good must recognize some principles as principles of life.

    “According to the path of purity the principles of life recognised by it are,

    1) Not to injure or kill,

    2) Not to steal or appropriate to oneself anything which belongs to another,

    3) Not to speak untruth,

    4)  Not to indulge in lust,

    5) Not to indulge in intoxicating drinks.

    The recognition of these principles,  I say, is most essential for every man. For every man must have a standard by which to judge whatever he does. And these principles according to the teaching constitute the standard.

    This the difference between having a standard and having no standard for regulating a man’s life.

    Keeping to the precepts may not help to purify the mind but we can at least feel greatful that you are not a victim of your own deffiled mind. If we follow them, we have a better chance to keeping our mind at ease. These precepts are undertaken to protect us, as well as others, from the result of unskillful actions & to help to make our practice as fruitful as possible.

    THE MANTRA

    The Mantra, considered to possess spiritual efficacy, the words from a root meaning that which protect our mind. Viewing the written form of the Mantra is said to have the same powerful effects, the Buddha Mantra is recited for success.

    Since we have many problems & wants to succeed, we need to recite the Buddha mantra every day, it can help us to eliminate the problems, unhappiness and suffering.

    We don’t want & gain success, hapiness, inner growth, realizations of of the path we followed?

    Thank you again Dhamma Guru for this beautiful teachings.

    I wish, all my friends have happy life & make the progress on the path of enlightenment.

    Yours,

    Neerajkumar Sumaran.

  6. neerajkumar sumaran says:
    Dear Respected Dhamma Guru,

    Thank you very much for this beautiful explanation of the teachings of the Buddha.

    Saying about this beautiful article, it must said that bringing about the discipline within one’s mind is the essence of the Buddha’s teaching.

    After having attained enlightenment and after having formulated his way, doubt arose in the mind of the Buddha. Should he go forth and preach his doctrine or should he continue to devote himself to his own personal perfection.

    He said to himself: “True, I have gained a new doctrine. But it is too difficult for the common man to accept it and follow it. It is too subtle even for the wise.

    It is hard for mankind to liberate itself from the entanglement of God and Soul. It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in rites and ceremonies. It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in Karma.

    It is hard for mankind to give up its belief in the immortality of the Soul and accept my doctrine that the soul as an independent entity does not exist and does not survive after death.

    Mankind is intent on its selfishness and takes delight and pleasure in it. It is hard for mankind to accept my doctrine of righteousness overriding selfishness.

    If I were to teach my doctrine, and others did not understand it or understanding it did not accept or accepting it did not follow it, it would be weariness to others and a vexation to me.

    We must seek truth in the wisdom of the words handed over to us & realize that.

    PRECEPTS

    The Buddha teaches us, give us five beautiful Gifts, five precepts, the path of Purity.

    “The path of Purity”,  teaches that a person who wishes to be good must recognize some principles as principles of life.

    “According to the path of purity the principles of life recognized by it are,

    1) Not to injure or kill,

    2) Not to steal or appropriate to oneself anything which belongs to another,

    3) Not to speak untruth,

    4)  Not to indulge in lust,

    5) Not to indulge in intoxicating drinks.

    The recognition of these principles,  I say, is most essential for every man. For every man must have a standard by which to judge whatever he does. And these principles according to the teaching constitute the standard.

    This the difference between having a standard and having no standard for regulating a man’s life.

    Keeping to the precepts may not help to purify the mind but we can at least feel grateful that you are not a victim of your own defiled mind. If we follow them, we have a better chance to keeping our mind at ease. These precepts are undertaken to protect us, as well as others, from the result of unskillful actions & to help to make our practice as fruitful as possible.

    THE MANTRA

    The Mantra, considered to possess spiritual efficacy, the words from a root meaning that which protect our mind. Viewing the written form of the Mantra is said to have the same powerful effects, the Buddha Mantra is recited for success.

    Since we have many problems & wants to succeed, we need to recite the Buddha mantra every day, it can help us to eliminate the problems, unhappiness and suffering.

    We don’t want & gain success, happiness, inner growth, realizations of of the path we followed?

    Thank you again Dhamma Guru for this beautiful teachings.

    I wish, all my friends have happy life & make the progress on the path of enlightenment.

    Yours,

    Neerajkumar Sumaran.

  7. tantra mahavita says:
    Querido Santo Guru: Muchas Gracias por compartir estas hermosas enseñanzas de Buda. Este articulo nos enseña a traer la disciplina a nuestra mente. Que es la esencia de la enseñanza de Buda. Reconozco que no medito todos los dias y siento que soy vaga en lo referente a la meditacion .Me falta la disciplina. El Buda nos enseña cinco hermosos dones o preceptos en el camino de la pureza.Ellos son : 1) No herir o matar .2) No robar o apropiarse de algo que pertenece a otro. 3) No hablar mentira .4) No complacerse en la lujuria .5) No disfrutar de bebidas embriagantes …El reconocimiento de estos principios , nos mantiene lejos de una mente contaminada. Seguirlos, nos da la oportunidad de mantener una mente tranquila .Estos preceptos  se toman para protegernos a nosotros mismos asi como a otros del resultado de acciones inutiles y para ayudar a que nuestra practica sea beneficiosa. La recitacion del mantra , sus palabras , nos protege a nuestra mente . Como tenemos muchos problemas y queremos tener una mente pura , recitamos el mantra. …Que nuestros  Amado Guru , tenga salud , y viva muchos años para beneficio de todos los seres sintientes. Que todos los seres esten libres de sufrimiento y sus causas. Que todos los seres encuentren la felicidad y sus causas. Que todos los seres vivan en ecuanimidad , libre de apego y aversion .OM MANI PADME HUM
  8. jnanadarshi Chakma says:
    Dear Holly Guru,

    Thanking you for writing this article where I got more knowledge on five precepts. And also thank to who explaining five precepts by given his comment.

     

    Yours

     

    Jnanadarshi Chakma

     

     

  9. Gautam Sandesh-yan varman says:
    This is very informative article….

    Namo buddhay

  10. Gautam Sandesh-yan varman says:
    This article is very informative.

    Namo buddhay

  11. Steve Rogers says:
    Dear Holy Guru

    my name is Tantra Haramitra

    i thank you for your guidance. It reminds me that to keep on the right path I must have discipline to keep to the path laid out before me.

    The last section on mantras helps to remind me of the need for daily recital to both strengthen my mind and my resolve to keep the path

    May the holy Guru have good health and live long for the benefit of all sentient beings. May all sentient beings achieve the happiness of Buddha ‘s nature.

    May I practice Dharma all days and nights

    Om mani padme hum

    • Mật Diệu Hằng says:
      Kính bạch Thầy!

      Con xin phép dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Haramitra (Steve Rogers) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

      “Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

      Con là Tantra Haramitra.

      Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã hướng dẫn, dạy dỗ con. Bài viết của Thầy giúp con hiểu rằng để vững bước trên con đường chánh pháp con nên thực hành giới luật.

      Với câu hỏi đáp cuối cùng trong bài này giúp con hiểu được tầm quan trọng của việc niệm thần chú hằng ngày,  giúp con thanh tịnh tâm và sám hối để thong dong trên đạo lộ giải thoát.

      Con cầu nguyện cho sức khỏe và sự trường thọ của Thầy vì sự lợi lạc của tất cả chúng sanh.

      Cầu nguyện tất cả chúng sanh thành tựu hạnh phúc của Phật tánh.

      Om Mani Padme Hum.”

  12. Tantra Upatissa says:
    Dear Guru thanks for sharing this article.

    Hope we all practice tantra taught by you with full courage and concentration.

    May Guru be protected and live long for other beings.

    May all beings be free from suffering and get enlightened…

    Om Mani Padme Hum..

  13. Dr.C H Lakshmi narayan says:

    Respected Guruji I bow my head at the lotus feet of Guruji.

    I am Tantra Nirvadeva.

    This is a beautiful article wherein Guruji stresses the importance of five precepts, a Buddhist has to follow in his daily practice of Dharma  which is the core of Buddhism ! As mydear kalyanamithra Tantra mikaya rightly says : Do not kill a living creature because every little insect has the right to freedom from suffering ! As such how far it is right to kill a hen or an animal to eat chicken or mutton in Buddhist’s seminars or workshops or Special conferences to prepare delicious dishes for celibrites who attend and discuss at length about many aspects of Buddhism !. This has a reference to my previous comments on Vegetarian and non Vegetarian food in Buddhism written elsewhere in Chanhtuduy.com. !

    Money found in the street should not be taken as it is not belongs to us as true Buddhists ! So also, we should not pluck Roses or any flower from the plants for our joy and happiness ! We should see and enjoy only but not making an effort to pluck the same by touch sensation ! 

    As my dear kalyanamithra Neeraj Kumaran Sumaran puts the facts of Buddha’s thoughts : It is hard for Mankind to give up it’s belief in the immortality of The Soul and accept his doctrine that the Soul as an independent entity does not exist and does not survive after death!

    Hence my Question is, if the above is true, where is the question of ” rebirth”  in Buddhism quite often stated and talked about? ! This is really a subject for research studies in Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Long live our Guruji for upholding Dharma.

    Dr C H Lakshminarayan.

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